Using dotnet we can create different types of applications. A few of the common types of .NET applications include Web, Windows, Console and Mobile Applications. Irrespective of the type of the application, when you execute any .NET application the following happens
1. The .NET application gets compiled into Intermediate language (IL). IL is also referred as Common Intermediate language (CIL) and Microsoft Intermediate language (MSIL).
So, in .NET the application execution consists of 2 steps
1. Language compiler, compiles the Source Code into Intermediate Language (IL)
2. JIT compiler in CLR converts, the IL into native code which can then be run on the underlying operating system.
Since, a .NET assembly is in Intermedaite Language format and not native code, .NET assemblies are portable to any platform, as long as the target platform has the Common Language Runtime (CLR). The target platform’s CLR converts the Intermedaite Language into native code that the underlying operating system can understand. Intermediate Languge is also called as managed code. This is because CLR manages the code that runs inside it.
The native code is not stored permanently anywhere, after we close the program the native code is thrown awaya. When we execute the program again, the native code gets generated again.
.NET program is similar to java program execution. In java we have byte codes and JVM (Java Virtual Machine), where as in .NET we Intermediate Language and CLR (Common Language Runtime).